Alhzehiemers Disease

Alzheimer’s

Caregiving Tips for Alzheimer’s Patients:

When someone has Alzheimer’s disease, it affects everyone in the family. At some point, people with Alzheimer’s disease will need help for bathing, combing their hair, brushing their teeth, and getting dressed. Because these are personal activities, patient may not like help, however these suggestions may be useful for routine care.

Safety Tips: To keep the person with Alzheimer’s safe during bath time.

  • Never leave a confused or frail person alone in the tub or shower.
  • Always check the water temperature before he or she gets in the tub or shower.
  • Use a hand-held showerhead.
  • Use a rubber bath mat and safety bars in the tub.
  • Use a sturdy shower chair to support a person who is unsteady and to prevent falls.
  • Don’t use bath oil, it can make the tub slippery During a Bath or Shower.
  • Allow the person with Alzheimer’s to do as much as possible. This protects his or her dignity and helps the person feel more in control.

Here are other tips:

  • After Bathing: Prevent rashes or infections by patting the person’s skin with a towel. Make sure the person is completely dry. Be sure to dry between folds of skin.
  • Washing: Wash the person’s hair in the sink with a hose attachment may be easier than doing it in the shower or bathtub.
  • Dressing: People with Alzheimer’s disease often need more time to dress. It can be hard for them to choose their clothes. They might wear the wrong clothing for the season.
  • Mouth Care: Show the person how to brush his or her teeth. Go step by step. Remember to let the person do as much as possible.
  • Ask the person to rinse his or her mouth with water after each meal and use mouthwash once a day.

Try to allow the person to dress on their own for as long as possible. Here are some tips to assist them as needed:

  • Lay out clothes in the order the person should put them on and give step-by-step dressing instructions.
  • Buy loose-fitting, comfortable clothing three or four sets of the same clothes if the person wants to wear the same clothing every day.
  • Use Velcro tape or large zipper pulls for clothing instead of shoelaces, buttons, or buckles. Try slip-on shoes that won’t slide off or shoes with Velcro straps.
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Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis

What are Tonsils?

The tonsils (palatine tonsils) are a pair of soft tissue masses located at the rear of the throat (pharynx). Each tonsil is composed of tissue similar to lymph nodes, covered by pink mucosa (like on the adjacent mouth lining). Running through the mucosa of each tonsil are pits, called crypts.
he tonsils are part of the lymphatic system, which helps to fight infections. However, removal of the tonsils does not seem to increase susceptibility to infection. Tonsils vary widely in size and swell in response to infection.

What is Tonsillitis?

Tonsillitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the tonsils.

Causes of Tonsillitis?

The cause of tonsillitis is usually a viral infection. Bacterial infections such as strep throat can also cause tonsillitis.

Symptoms of tonsillitis?

The main symptoms of tonsillitis are inflammation and swelling of the tonsils. Other symptoms include:

  • A sore throat, which may be severe
  • Throat pain or Ear pain or both
  • Red, swollen tonsils
  • Trouble swallowing
  • A white or yellow coating on the tonsils
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Fever
  • Bad breath

References: www.nih.gov, www.webmd.com

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Thyroid

Thyroid

Thyroid Dysfunction:

Thyroid disease is more common than diabetes, heart disease or even more common than breast cancer. It is estimated that more than 30 million Americans have thyroid disorders but more than 50% people may not be diagnosed or treated.

What Is A Thyroid, And What Happens When It Is Not Working Properly?

The thyroid is a small gland located in the base of the neck. This gland is brownish- red in color and shaped like a butterfly and secretes several hormones, collectively called thyroid hormones. The main hormone is thyroxine (T4).

What are thyroid Disorders?

Thyroid hormones are very important because all other body cells, tissues and organs like heart, brain, liver and kidney depend on the correct amount of thyroid hormone to function properly.

Thyroid hormones act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth, and body temperature etc. During infancy and childhood, thyroid hormones are crucial for brain development.
Thyroid problems range from harmless Goiter (enlargement of Thyroid gland) to Thyroid cancer. Abnormal production of thyroid hormone results in conditions.

  • Hyperthyroidism: Excessive thyroid hormones cause Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism: Insufficient hormone production leads to Hypothyroidism. Untreated hypothyroidism can cause myxedema coma (is a loss of brain function), a rare but potentially fatal condition that requires immediate hormone treatment.
  • Graves’ disease: Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition in which the thyroid is overstimulated.

Sometime diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction may be difficult, which is one of the reasons of number of cases remain undiagnosed. Symptoms may include fatigue, unexplained weight loss or gain, moodiness, and anxiety. Thyroid disease can affect anyone, but women are five times more likely than men to suffer, and a person’s risk increases with age.
Thyroid disorder can be successfully treated with proper treatment, healthy lifestyle and Increasing awareness of thyroid dysfunction and its symptoms.

Natural therapy for Thyroid Problems

Diet and other Regimen: According to Charka Shamthia old rice, Cow milk, Moong dal, barley, sugar juice are advice in thyroid problems.

Yoga Poses for Thyroid Problems:

Some of the yoga postures are beneficial in thyroid problems:

  • Sarvangasana (Shoulder stand)
  • Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation)
  • Pranayama: The most effective Pranayama for thyroid is Ujjayi Pranayama.

“Remember, if your thyroid isn’t working properly, neither are you!”

References: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, www.webmd.com, Charak Samhita.

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Insomnia

Insomnia

What is Insomnia?

Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have difficulty falling asleep, or staying asleep as long as desired, even when a person has the chance to do so.

Symptoms:

Insomnia is typically followed by daytime sleepiness, fatigue, low energy, difficulty concentrating, mood disturbances, and decreased performance in work or at school. It may result in an increased risk of motor vehicle collisions, as well as problems focusing and learning.

What causes Insomnia?

Insomnia can occur independently or as a result of another problem. Insomnia can be caused by psychiatric and medical conditions, unhealthy lifestyle, specific substances, and/or certain biological factors.

Examples of medical conditions that can cause insomnia are nasal allergies, gastrointestinal problem, arthritis, asthma, chronic pain, hyperthyroidism, restless leg syndrome, menopause, certain medications etc.

Unhealthy lifestyles, working night shifts and sleep apnea and sleep habits can create insomnia on their own (without any underlying psychiatric or medical problem).

Some substance like Caffeine, nicotine, and Alcohol etc. (Alcohol is a sedative. It can make you fall asleep initially, but may disrupt your sleep later in the night.)

Some people are biologically prone to insomnia and seem to struggle with sleep.

A sleep study may be done to diagnose underlying sleep disorders. Screening may be done with two questions: “do you experience difficulty sleeping?” and “do you have difficulty falling or staying asleep?”

Types of Insomnia:

Acute insomnia is brief and often happens because of life circumstances (for example, when you can’t fall asleep the night before an exam, or after receiving stressful or bad news). This condition sometimes resolves without any treatment.

Chronic insomnia is disrupted sleep that occurs at least three nights per week and lasts at least three months. Chronic insomnia disorders can have many causes. Changes in the environment, unhealthy sleep habits, rotating shift work, other clinical disorders.

Herbs for Insomnia:

  1. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis): The root of this plant is used. According to numerous studies, valerian may help reduce the amount of time it takes a person to fall asleep and also help in increasing the duration and quality of sleep.
  2. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): Considered one of the most powerful herbs in Ayurvedic practice. The roots of this plant are used. This herb helps in the body to relax, reduce the anxiety, and insomnia.
  3. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia): A cup of warm lavender tea before bed is a great way to promotes relaxation which can help in anxiety, depression, stress, and insomnia.
  4. Chamomile (Matricaria recutita): For hundreds of years this flower has been used to make a calming and soothing tea.
  5. Hops (Humulus lupulus): Hopes is a fast-acting nervine and sedative, good for anxiety and stress-related illness.

References: –

www.webmd.com
www.sleepfoundation.org
www.naturallivingideas.com
www.mindbodygreen.com

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turmeric

Turmeric

Turmeric (Curcuma longa – the name of the genus, Curcuma, is derived from the Sanskrit kuṅkuma, referring to both turmeric and saffron used in India since ancient times), is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia; Turmeric has been used in Asia for thousands of years and is a major part of Ayurveda, and other traditional medicine.

Turmeric was first used as a dye, and then later for its medicinal properties. Turmeric can be used fresh, like ginger. It has numerous uses in East Asian recipes, such as pickle that contains large chunks of soft fresh turmeric or dry powder as a spice in recipe.

Turmeric powder contains approximately 60–70% carbohydrates, 6–13% water, 6–8% protein, 5–10% fat, 3–7% dietary minerals, 3–7% essential oils, 2–7% dietary fiber and 1–6% curcuminoids. On average turmeric powder contains 3.14% of Curcumin and 34 essential oils like turmerone, germacrone, atlantone, and zingiberene are major constituents. Phytochemical components of turmeric include diarylheptanoids, such as curcumin, desmethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin.

Turmeric’s anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits make it the natural remedy of the century. Curcumin has the ability to block an enzyme that causes inflammation, while combatting free radical damage to highly sensitive vital organs like brain and heart. Many experts now believe that “silent inflammation” is the root cause of many of the common signs of aging, from diminished brain and heart function to painful joints, low energy levels and more.

In Ayurvedic and Siddha practices, turmeric has been used as time tested treatment for the variety of internal disorders, such as indigestion, throat infections, common colds, or liver ailments, joint pain as well as topically, to cleanse wounds or treat skin sores.

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Frostbite

Stay Safe Prevent Frostbite

What is Frostbite?

Frostbite is an injury caused by freezing of the skin and underlying tissues of any part of the body resulting after excessive exposure to extreme cold temperature. It most often affects the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers, or toes. Frostbite can permanently damage the body and in severe cases can lead to amputation of affected part.

Who’s Most at Risk?

You may have a greater risk of developing frostbite if you:

  • Have poor blood circulation.
  • Are not properly dressed for extremely cold temperatures.
  • Staying out in the cold and wind too long. Risk increases as air temperature falls below 5 F (minus 15 C), even with low wind speeds. In wind chill of minus 16.6 F (minus 27 C), frostbite can occur on exposed skin in less than 30 minutes.
  • Touching materials such as ice, cold packs or frozen metal.

Sign and Symptoms of Frostbite:

Because of cold the blood vessels contracts, which leads to reducing blood and oxygen supply to the affected parts.
Any of the following signs may indicate frostbite:

  • At first, cold skin and a prickling feeling.
  • A white or grayish-yellow skin area.
  • skin that feels unusually firm or waxy.
  • Numbness.
  • Clumsiness due to joint and muscle stiffness.
  • In severe cases blistering after rewarming.

Stages of Frostbite:

There are three degrees of cold injury: Frostnip, superficial frostbite, and Deep frostbite.

  • Frostnip: this is the first stage of frostbite. Skin turn pales or red and feels very cold. Continued exposure leads to pricking and numbness in the affected area. Frostnip doesn’t permanently damage the skin.
  • Superficial frostbite: in this stage redness of skin turns white or pale.
  • Deep frostbite: In this stage, all layers of the skin and the tissues are affected. Loss of sensation in the affected area. 24 to 48 hours after rewarming large blisters form, the area turns black and hard as the tissue dies (gangrene).

What to Do?

If you detect symptoms of frostbite, seek medical care. First determine whether the victim also shows signs of hypothermia. Hypothermia may be a more serious medical condition and requires emergency medical assistance.
(1) If there is frostbite but no sign of hypothermia.
OR
(2) If immediate medical care is not available.

Proceed as follows:

  • Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
  • Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes—this increases the damage.
  • Immerse the affected area in warm—not hot—water (the temperature should be comfortable to the touch for unaffected parts of the body).
  • Or, warm the affected area using body heat. For example, the heat of an armpit can be used to warm frostbitten fingers.
  • Do not rub the frostbitten area with snow or massage it at all. This can cause more damage.
  • Don’t use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming. Affected areas are numb and can be easily burned.

These procedures are not substitutes for proper medical care. Hypothermia is a medical emergency and frostbite should be evaluated by a health care provider.

Prevention:

Frostbite can be prevented. Taking preventive action is your best defense against having to deal with extreme cold-weather conditions. By preparing home and car in advance for winter emergencies, and by observing safety precautions during times of extremely cold weather, one can reduce the risk of weather-related health problems.

Stay Safe Prevent Frostbite:

  • Limit time you’re outdoors in cold, wet or windy weather. Pay attention to weather forecasts and wind chill readings. In very cold, windy weather, exposed skin can develop frostbite in a matter of minutes.
  • Dress in several layers of loose, warm clothing. Air trapped between the layers of clothing acts as insulation against the cold. Wear windproof and waterproof outer garments to protect against wind, snow, and rain. Choose undergarments that wick moisture away from your skin. Change out of wet clothing — particularly gloves, hats, and socks — as soon as possible.
  • Wear a hat or headband that fully covers your ears. Heavy woolen or windproof materials make the best headwear for cold protection.
  • Wear socks and sock liners that fit well, wick moisture and provide insulation. You might also try hand and foot warmers. Be sure the foot warmers don’t make your boots too tight, restricting blood flow.
  • Watch for signs of frostbite. Early signs of frostbite include red or pale skin, prickling, and numbness.
  • Plan to protect yourself. When traveling in cold weather, carry emergency supplies and warm clothing in case you become stranded. If you’ll be in remote territory, tell others your route and expected return date.
  • Don’t drink alcohol if you plan to be outdoors in cold weather. Alcoholic beverages cause your body to lose heat faster.
  • Eat well-balanced meals and stay hydrated. Doing this even before you go out in the cold will help you stay warm. And if you do become cold, drinking warm, sweet beverages, such as hot chocolate, will help you warm up.
  • Keep moving. Exercise can get the blood flowing and help you stay warm, but don’t do it to the point of exhaustion.

Reference:

http://www.CDC, www.mayoclinic.org, www.webmd.com

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Get Enough Protein, Without Meat

Get Enough Protein Without Meat

Vegetable protein, or any kind of protein, is used by the body for enzymes, structural tissue, hormones, and transplant molecules. Protein wears out at a slow but steady rate and must be replaced. Food is the source proteins in our body. After being digested, proteins provide a new supply of amino acids from which the body continuously rebuilds itself. While meats protein helps to build muscle, repair tissue, provide energy and balance mood, it is by no means necessary. Vegetarian diets are equally good and appropriate sources of proteins and vitamins for people of all age groups, including pregnant women, infants and athletes. There are many benefits to eating a well-balanced vegetarian diet. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals during all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, and adolescence, and for athletes. People can reduce their carbon footprints by cutting back on meat. In 2014, Scarborough et al. estimated an average dietary greenhouse-gas emissions per day (in kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent) were: 7.19 for high meat-eaters, 5.63 for medium meat-eaters, 4.67 for low meat-eaters, 3.91 for fish-eaters, 3.81 for vegetarians, 2.89 for vegans

There are many benefits to eating a well-balanced vegetarian diet including cost savings, loads of fiber (which aids in digestion), less saturated fat (good for the heart), and a wider variety of vitamins and minerals proven to reduce diabetes, cancer and heart disease.
The following non-meat foods contain plenty of protein like meat:

  • Nuts and seeds (4-10 grams per 1 ounce serving): walnuts, cashews, pumpkin seeds, pistachios, sunflower seeds, almond butter, hemp, chia and flax seeds.
  • Beans and legumes (7-10 grams per half-cup): black beans, white beans, lentils, chickpeas, hummus and green peas.
  • Grains (5-8 grams per cup): quinoa, brown rice, oats, millet and barley.
  • Soy (9-16 grams per cup): tofu, edamame and tempeh.
  • Fruits and veggies such as avocado (4 grams per cup), dark leafy greens (about 5 grams per cup) and broccoli (4 grams per cup).
  • Dairy (milk, yogurt, cheese) and eggs provide 6-9 grams of protein per serving.

According to the Institute of Medicine, we should consume 10% – 35 % of our daily calories from protein which can be easily achieved with the non-meat foods listed above.

Daily requirement of protein: Babies: 10 grams, School-age kids: 19-34 grams, Teenage boys: 52 grams, Teenage girls: 46 grams, Adult men: 56 grams, Adult women: 46 grams

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Happy and Healthy Winter

Happy and Healthy Winter

We are half way through November and the vivid nip in the air has set the stage for a full blown cold winter season soon.

While winter is evidently loved by many, the cold weather can also take a toll on your health. Cold, fever, flu, asthma, body ache, stiffness and all sorts of infections are some of the problems people face in winter. Of course, there are numerous ways to treat them or cure them, but why wait for the problem when it can easily be avoided?

As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure, following tips helps to remain healthy and enjoy the winter season to the fullest.

Sanitize:

Always keep a hand sanitizer handy whether you are at home or not. With so many infections in the air, you’ll need to maintain your hygiene and avoid contact with infected people and places like public restrooms, etc.

Strengthen immune system:

Nutritious food is always a lifesaver. Consume foods, fruits and vegetables that are rich in nutrients, vitamin C and zinc content like citrus fruits, garlic, etc., strengthen immune system in order to fight diseases.

Sweat it out:

Generally, food intake increases in winters than any other time of the year. Winter exercises not only help to remain healthy, but also improve metabolism, maintain body weight, and increased blood flow helps in winter dryness related skin problems, while also keeping body warm. Keep yourself well hydrated.

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FRUIT DIET FOR DIABETICS

Fruit Diet for Diabetics

November 14, is observed as World Diabetes Day,
Diabetes is one of the most dreaded offshoots of the modern and hectic lifestyles.
Fruits play a major role in helping a diabetes patient’s condition from worsening. While there is no such thing as ‘bad fruit’, or ‘good fruit’ diabetics do have to be careful and maintain moderation.
Fruits that are high in glycemic index are to be consumed as less as possible and those with a low glycemic index can be eaten regularly.

Amla:

Amla contain a good source of chromium which shows positive effects on the pancreas, where insulin is produced

Apple:

Apple is a hypoglycemic fruit which contains plenty of fiber and Pectin that has the capability of reducing blood sugar levels and the requirement of insulin in the body by almost 50%.

Berries:

Berries increase the release of insulin and coverts glucose into energy, which reduces the increased glucose levels by a considerable amount. Thus, regulating glucose levels in the body

Guava:

Guava is hypoglycemic fruit very rich in dietary fiber, high in vitamin A and vitamin C that helps in constipation and can lower the chance of developing type-2 diabetes.

Jamun:

Jamun has low glycemic index and its leaves has anti-diabetic properties which are good for diabetic patients. It reduces the symptoms of diabetes like frequent urination and thrust

Oranges:

The glycemic load of an orange is about 5, a low number that indicates that only small rise in blood glucose. Be cautious don’t consume orange juice.

Papaya:

Natural antioxidants in papaya can obstruct cell damage, as diabetics are prone to many ailments, like heart or nerve damage, makes it a great choice for diabetics.

Pomegranate:

Pomegranate contains the richest combination of antioxidants, which helps in protecting from free-radicals and chronic diseases also helps in reducing bad cholesterol.

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Alternative Therapy for Allergy

Dr. William E. Berger of the American College of Allergy Asthma and Immunology have reported that nearly a third of allergy patients think their medications don’t work. Plus, pharmaceutical remedies are often expensive and frequently come with unwanted side effects, such as drowsiness, nasal irritation, impair driving ability and cause a mental disconnects. Natural treatments are used to support and improve allergic symptoms.

SUPPLEMENTS, VITAMINS AND MINERALS:

Bioflavonoids – Bioflavonoids are natural anti-allergenic.
Bromelain and Multivitamins –Like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E may enhance the action of bioflavonoids.

Flaxseed oil, Probiotics and Zinc may help to increase body resistance.

HERBAL THERAPY:

Some of the herbs used to treat allergic symptoms are as follows:

Angelica sinensis also known as “female ginseng Used as an antihistamine and anti-inflammatory.

Euphrasia officinalis also known as Eye bright reduces congestion and secretions. It is good for itchy eyes, sneezing, and excess mucus.

Gingko biloba Contains bioflavonoids and is used as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.

Silybum marianum Helps reduce allergic, inflammatory, and histaminic reactions and supports liver function.

Trifolium pratense Helps to build the body’s resistance to allergies.

Urtica dioica may be used as an anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory.

Achillea millefolium Reduces congestion and secretions.

Tinospora cordifolia is known as “Guduchi” can reduce allergy symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and nasal discharge.

HOMEOPATHY:

The following remedies have been shown to be effective in acute, symptomatic relief of allergies if it is prescribed as per the practicing doctor:

Allium cepa, Euphrasia, Aconite, Nat. sulph. Nat. mur, Nux. vom, Wyethia, etc.

HYDROTHERAPY:

  • Castor Oil Packs
  • Constitutional Hydrotherapy
  • Cold cloth to the forehead
  • Hot foot baths
  • Nasal lavage
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